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所在地: 広島県府中市上下町
主要用途: 資料館
工事種別: 新築
延床面積: 712.00㎡
階数: 地上2階
構造: 木造
竣工年: 2004

 

Location: Jyoge-cho, Fuchu-shi, Hiroshima Prefecture
Principal use: archives museum
Construction type: newly-built
Total floor area: 712.00㎡
Number of stories: 2 stories
Structure: wooden
Year: 2004

 

 

この資料館の前身となる旧岡田邸は、旧街道の中心的な位置を占めるものであり、町民の街並み保存の強い働きかけにより町が入手し、再生利用することとなった。旧岡田邸は、明治の文豪・田山花袋の代表作「蒲団」のモデルとなった岡田美千代の生家として知られており、文学史的な背景にも後押しされ、資料館へリノベーションされることとなった。

創建時より約100年が経過した建物は、幾度となく建築に手が加えられており、相当なダメージを受けていた。そこで一旦、曳き屋の技術の応用でファサードをサポートし、その後内部を解体し、脆弱な部分を補強しつつ、再構築を行った。

また、町内に点在する私設資料館や町並みを大きな意味での展示室と捉え、その全体をプロムナード資料館と位置づけ、本資料館を研究、エントランスの要として計画した。

 

The History and Culture Center of Jyoge Town occupies an historical building which has seen many uses during its hundred years of existence. Originally constructed as a traditional house around 1900, it was subsequently converted for use as a complex of shops, an agricultural store and a hospital as the Twentieth Century progressed. Jyoge Town, sited on the slopes of the Chugoku Mountains in Fuchu City, Hiroshima, enjoys a long history and during the Edo Period prospered as a government staging post. The building itself is a local historical landmark, but due to its dilapidated condition, it was on the verge of sale and demolition. Fortunately, it was preserved from this fate by a volunteer group. It was decided to restore and redevelop the building as a history and culture center, serving as a focus for the town’s historical literature collection.

Restoration of the dilapidated building was extremely difficult. The original facade had to be supported while the inside was reconstructed. The new structure now supports the old facade. The modern interior is given presence on the street through the insertion of a modern box-like form, which punctures through the original facade and houses an exhibition space. This device allows consistency of design to permeate the building, linking the renovated interior to the modern outside world. Successfully renovating an existing building for modern use is unusual in Japan, where today dilapidated buildings tend to be demolished and replaced. However, in this era of sustainability, the importance of recycling buildings is becoming recognized. This approach seems particularly appropriate in terms of this buildings history of conversion and re-use, and just as importantly, preserves a unique local historical landmark.